After skin cancer the most common cancer is Breast cancer. Early treatment is important because early treatment can increase the chances of recovery.
Breast mammography screening programs are used to diagnose the disease in its early stages.
Women’s breasts job is to produce milk for babies. The breasts are also important as part of normal sexual development. The breast is a very thick tissue that contains mammary glands and ducts that carry 15 to 20 spaces between the nipples.
The colored area around the nipples is called the areola, which contains nerves, sweat glands, and hair follicles. Although the breasts do not have muscles, they are supported by ligaments. It is a network of lymphatic vessels around each breast that connect to the lymph nodes in the armpit.
Breast Cancer originating in the milk-secreting tissues of the breast.
Why breast cancer is a challenge?
One in eight women in the United States will develop breast cancer during her lifetime, and 31 percent will die from the disease.
It is the second leading cause of death for women after skin cancer in USA . Seventy-five percent of those cases were women over the age of 50.
Some cases of breast cancer are called in-situ cancers, which means that the cancer does not spread beyond the surrounding tissue where it normally begins.
Most breast cancers can be cured. However, most breast cancers are invasive, which means that the cancer can spread to the breast and beyond, and these cancers are very serious.
In 2005, according to the National Cancer Institute and the American Cancer Society, there were 211,000 new cases of breast cancer in women, more than 58,000 new breast cancers, and more than 40,000 deaths from breast cancer.
Breast cancer also occurs in men, but in small numbers, about 1,700 cases each year.
Causes and risk factors
There are many risk factors, including age. In the United States, aging is a major risk factor.
The following factors may also increase your risk: a history of breast cancer or other breast tumors, including breast cancer in the area.
(mother, sister or daughter or all three had breast cancer, especially if it was diagnosed 50 years ago);
(the older a woman gives birth, the greater her risk);
(12 years ago);
(after 55 years);
for any breast cancer before age 30;
of other cancers such as ovarian, colon, or cervical cancer;
(white women are at high risk); Weight gain after menopause;
Moderate alcohol intake
(the risk may increase with the addition of alcohol);
And long-term hormone replacement therapy.
Mutations in certain genes
such as BRCA1 and BRCA2, make up less than 10 percent of breast cancers.
Breast cancer is one of the top main cause of women’s death.
More than 40 women are more likely to develop breast cancer than young women. Lung cancer kills about 56,000 women each year in the United States and breast cancer 46,000.
Pre-selection is very important. Discussions on how to do a breast self-exam are readily available elsewhere and do not need to be repeated here. Be on the lookout for hidden changes in your breasts as you do this.
They look for different types of tumors in the breast. These tumors are strong, do not go away, and are usually painless.
Tumors that do not move can be severe or can be caused by normal fib oxidative changes during the menstrual cycle. Experts say that biopsies can detect swelling.
But you should be aware that biopsies can be dangerous.
A biopsy is a piece of tissue that is sent to a laboratory for microscopic examination. The problem is that any suspicious tissue is cut, quickly spreading cancer (if any) to the body.
You can choose to have a biopsy or not, but you must be aware of this fact. It is often said that “out of 1” women are diagnosed with breast cancer, but this is a time in life.
The average 30-year-old white woman is 1 in 5,900; In 50 years, 1 in 430.
Breast cancers are various types –
Most are the same and produce the tumors described above.
But there are some exceptions: Paget’s breast cancer affects the nipple and cannot be diagnosed by self-exam. Cancer cells have migrated to the tip. Symptoms include itchiness, redness, and pain in the nipple.
This type of cancer occurs only when there is another type of cancer in the breast. Inflammatory carcinoma is another type. The skin becomes thick and red.
The chest looks very soft and is contaminated with something. The lymphatic system and blood vessels become inflamed. This cancer spreads so fast.
Experts recommend a biopsy; But if you decide not to, you need to plan to clean up the mess. No matter what you do, you better start doing better.
Symptoms and pathogens:
Change in the shape and feel of the nipple or breast; Swollen lymph nodes under the arm; Nipple fluid. Many women have no symptoms.
The most common types: The inflammations are strong, do not pass and are generally painless. Untreatable tumors may or may not be dangerous.
In other cases: itching, redness and pain of the nipple.
In the third trimester, the breasts appear softer and more compact. These three are explained in detail below.
Symptoms of breast cancer include swelling of the breast or nipple, or swelling or thickening near the breast or around the breast or head.
The size of the breasts can vary; The skin or nipple area may become swollen, red, or swollen. Or fluid may leak from the nipple.
Many women with breast cancer have no obvious signs or symptoms until the disease has spread.
Breast cancer develops in the mammary glands, which are poles and channels surrounded by malaria tissue. Each breast has about 20 spheres. Each lobe is made up of tiny lobes, which in turn contain dozens of tiny milk bulbs.
The narrow tubes carry the milk from the bulbs and bulbs to the tip. Breast cancer usually begins in the canals and usually in the lobes and lobes.
Most common types of cancer are Breast Cancer. Most breast cancers can be localized or invasive (also called infertility). Canal cancer at the site is a condition that does not go away.
Eighty percent of these carcinomas can be diagnosed by mammography and are almost always curable. Lubricating carcinoma at the site is also rare, but later identifies women at risk of developing breast cancer.
Invasive tube Cancer begins in the mammary gland, but goes through the lining of the wall and invades the breast tissue.
Infectious breast cancer accounts for 80 percent of all cases. Infectious lobster cancer is rare, accounting for about 10 percent of invasive breast cancer.
Both cancers can spread to the lymphatic system of the breast and then to other parts of the body.
The lymphatic system of all tissues in the body filters and drains fluid from the tissues and helps fight infection and disease, but it is also a way of spreading cancer. The lymphatic system consists of narrow vessels, which include small, bean-shaped structures called lymph nodes. Lymph node groups are found near the breast, arms, neck, and chest.
When cancer spreads outside of the breast, to the bones, liver, lungs, or other parts of the body, it is called metastatic and new colonies of cancer are called metastases.
Other types of breast cancer include breast cancer, but the abnormal but more serious forms are more common in young women. When it is known, it is almost always in an advanced stage. In benign breast cancer, cancer cells block the lymphatic vessels.
The breast is swollen, very red and hot, and the skin of the breast is peeling or peeling, giving it the appearance of orange peel. Fire breast cancer can be caused by an invasive tube, lump, or other breast cancer. Sometimes it is wrong as an infection.
Cancer can be localized (not spread and dangerous) or invasive. The flare-ups appear to be exacerbated during pregnancy and can spread to other parts of the body, including the bones, lungs, liver, and brain.
Mammography (breast x-ray) is a very important method.
Mammograms (breast x-rays) are a very important method of early detection of breast cancer. A mammogram can detect some tumors up to four years before they are found in clinical breast cancer. They can also detect the presence of small amounts of calcium in the breast, which can be a sign of breast cancer.
Not all breast tumors turn into cancer. Most are benign tumors or growths. A mammogram can detect up to 20 percent of cancers.
Such failures are called false positives in diagnosis and are less common in young women because their breasts are stronger. As women age, their breasts have more fatty tissues and are easier to detect in cancer by mammography. False positives occur when mammogram results are easily normal and read abnormally.
False positives are more common in young people, women who have had breast biopsies in the past, or women with a family history of estrogen. There are several suggestions about how often to have a mammogram.
If the mammogram is abnormal, more tests are started. US health agencies also recommend that women between the ages of 20 and 39 be seen by a healthcare professional at least every three years and every year after age 40. However, experts now believe that women’s self-examination may be limited by breast self-examination (BSE).
Any breast exam should check the appearance and feel of the breasts, look for swelling, skin irritation, discharge or changes in the nipple, or redness or improvement of the skin.
High-frequency sound wave ultrasound imaging of breast tissue produces an ultrasound. Ultrasound can help determine if a lump is thick or fluid-filled, help diagnose tumors that are difficult to see on a mammogram, or refer you to a doctor who is performing a breast biopsy.
Ultrasound alone is often not used as a diagnostic tool for early breast cancer because it does not always detect the necessary calcium deposits. A biopsy is a procedure in which tissue is removed from suspicious tissue.
There are a number of biopsy techniques, including the removal of all or part of the mammary gland or samples of breast or breast fluid, so that you can have a microscopic examination and detect signs of cancer.
It depends on the individual, but it is usually a combination of surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and sometimes hormone therapy.
Breast cancer is generally treated with a variety of surgeries, radiation treatments, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy (see cancer overview).
Treatment and prognosis depend on the type of cancer and its stage. Other factors that affect prognosis include the hormones estrogen and progesterone in cancerous tissue, as well as age, general health, and menopause. Postmenopausal women may have a slightly better prognosis and then should have menopause with women with this cancer.
In most breast cancer patients, surgery is done to remove the primary cancer cell and ensure that the cancer has spread to the chest and lymph nodes. Many women can choose between breast augmentation surgery and general mastectomy, full breast augmentation surgery.
For many early types of breast cancer, long-term survival is the same for both options, although they do not guarantee that the cancer will not return. Breast augmentation surgery involves removal of the tumor (removal of the tumor and some surrounding tissues) and partial or partial mastectomy (removal of part of the breast).
When the entire breast is removed, the options include: General mastectomy or simple mastectomy, which involves removing the entire breast and some lymph nodes under the arm. Enhanced radical mastectomy, which involves removal of the entire breast, parts of the lymph nodes under the arm, and parts of the chest wall muscles; And radical or hemostatic mastectomy, removal of the breast, parts of the muscles of the chest wall and all the lymph nodes under the arm.
Radical mastectomy has been a regular practice for many years, but is now only used when cancer has spread to the chest muscles. Some women choose to reshape the breast after mastectomy, which involves implantation and stretching of the breast. Radiation therapy or radiation therapy uses high-intensity x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing.
External radiation can cause breast cancer, which cannot be removed surgically. Internal radiation uses radioactive substances that are stored in or near cancer cells. Women with shiny or partial penises almost always receive radiation therapy.
Chemotherapy is sometimes used to shrink cancer before surgery and to reduce the chances that the cancer will recur after surgery. Chemotherapy can help control cancer if it spreads through the breast. Treatment is usually given daily, weekly, or monthly, depending on the type and stage of the breast cancer.
Certain female hormones, such as estrogen, stimulate the growth of certain breast cancer cells. A lab test called an estrogen and progesterone receptor can be done to find out how much cancer a specific cancer is affecting.
If the cancer stimulates estrogen, the anti-estrogen drug tamoxifen may be given as a pill to stop the growth and recurrence of the cancer.
Some home treatment:
- It is important to note that people have been involved in orthopedic surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation, and that others have survived. There are those who take natural remedies, with the same end result. No one can decide for you, or you can decide, the decision is yours
- In the late 1980s, researchers found that breast cancer was more common in some areas than others.
Analysis of these areas revealed that they are prone to reduced sunlight throughout the year. For example, breast cancer was one of the most common cancers in northwestern California, western Oregon, and Washington, and northeast Florida, Texas, Arizona, and southern California.
Solution: take sunscreen whenever you can; Sunlight is essential for good health, hygiene, and resistance to infection.
- Breast cancer is more common in women who start menstruating early, start menopause later in life, have a family history of breast cancer, become obese after menopause, and have a history of alcoholism and heavy drinking food. – Fat diet.
- Research shows that those who take oral contraceptives are 3 times more likely to develop breast cancer. Silicone (used in the breasts) causes cancer in experimental animals. Vitamin A is low in breast cancer and other cancers.
- Eat a balanced diet that includes fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and fruits. Eat garlic and onion. Drink purified water and fresh fruit and vegetable juices. Get more fiber.
- Don’t eat too many soy or peanut products.
- Avoid meat; Animal products; Alcohol; Caffeine; Nicotine; And cooked, fried, white flour and junk food. Don’t take iron supplements.
- You should have your breasts checked regularly. How to do this is explained in many other books. You can identify the original changes better than anyone. Talk to your doctor if you have itchy, red, and sore nipples, especially if you are not currently breastfeeding. Pay may be a type of breast cancer
While some high-risk groups may opt for preventive surgery or other treatment, complete prevention is generally not possible.
Although early detection can help identify and eliminate existing breast cancer, general prevention is generally impossible because the causes are still unknown. In some cases, a biopsy can find changes in the breast tissue that can later become cancerous.
Accidents can be improved, but not all can be avoided. Women who are at high risk for hormone-releasing breast cancer sometimes take tamoxifen as a precaution.
The hormone estrogen, which targets tamoxifen, is produced mainly in the ovaries, so in some cases, breast cancer is more common in women with mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes, and surgical removal of the ovaries can reduce the risk of both. Breast and cervical cancer. Some women with breast cancer who are at high risk for a family history may need vaccinations before the cancer occurs. Preventive surgery is done only with extreme caution.
After skin cancer this is top most cancer in US.
Seventy-five percent of those infected are women 50 years and older.