Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, Treatment

Diabetes mellitus is a serious and fatal disease. Inadequate insulin secretion, which causes high blood sugar levels.

Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to death, coronary heart disease, kidney failure, vascular and nerve damage, blindness, and amputation.

Diabetes is caused by the normal production of insulin..It allows the body’s cells to absorb glucose (sugar) from the blood for energy. When food is ingested and digested, it is broken down into glucose, which rejuvenates the cells of the body.

Normally, the pancreas produces the right amount of insulin to transport glucose from the blood to the cells.

In people with diabetes, the pancreas produces little or no insulin or the cells respond inappropriately to the insulin produced. Glucose is stored in the blood and is eventually excreted in the urine without being properly absorbed by the cells of the body.

As a result, the main source of fuel for cells and energy is depleted. There is no cure for diabetes but there are treatments that can help keep a person with diabetes healthy.

There are many types of diabetes, and all of them can be treated, but not cured, by carefully monitoring glucose levels, eating a balanced diet, exercising, and (in some cases) taking medications.

Type 1 diabetes 5 to 10 percent of all cases of type 1 diabetes, known as insulin-dependent diabetes in adolescence. It usually occurs in children or adolescents, but it can occur at any time in life.

Symptoms such as dry mouth, frequent urination, and excessive thirst develop quickly, although the underlying disease can persist for years. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, which is caused by the body’s own immune system, impaired normal function, and the guilt process.

In people with type 1 diabetes, the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.

Although many factors (genetics, environment, and viruses) are being studied, researchers have yet to determine what causes the immune system to activate on its own. People with type 1 diabetes must take daily artificial insulin injections to control their glucose levels.

People with diabetes without insulin go into a life-threatening coma, which produces ketones (organic acids that can build up in the blood) and incomplete fat flow.

When the body is starved for insulin, ketones become toxic. Katie’s stock is usually slow, but in some cases it grows suddenly. It is important for people with type 1 diabetes to be able to diagnose cataracts and seek medical attention.

Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, thirst or dry mouth, dry or cracked skin, confusion, and confusion.


Also called insulin resistant diabetes, this type of diabetes is very common. It covers 90 to 95 percent of cases and was once common in older people.

However, type 2 diabetes is becoming more common in children and adolescents. Type 2 develops more slowly than type 1, and people with diabetes have a family history, obesity, and little or little physical activity or a history of gestational diabetes.

Native Americans, African Americans, and Hispanics are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas produces enough insulin, but for some unknown reason, the body does not use insulin correctly and eventually produce insulin decreases.

The result is similar to that of type 1 diabetes: glucose is stored in the blood and excreted in the urine. Symptoms include unusual thirst, weight gain or loss, nausea, blurred vision, and slow wound healing.


Diabetes develops in pregnant women who do not have diabetes before they become pregnant. During pregnancy, all women are insulin resistant, so the body needs more insulin to compensate.

Many women are able to compensate and maintain normal blood glucose levels, while those with gestational diabetes have high blood glucose levels. These women are at risk for type 2 diabetes throughout their lives. Pregnancy diabetes must be treated seriously to keep the baby healthy.


This new category has been added to families with diabetes. It is a risk factor based on sugar levels and other tests.

Prediabetes develops over time. There are two indicators of type 2 diabetes: moderate fasting glucose, low blood glucose but premature diabetes, and loss of glucose tolerance, which is higher than oral glucose tolerance tests but still at the level of glucose. diabetes.

In the United States, about 35 million people between the ages of 35 and 40 have fasting glucose intolerance and 16 million have glucose intolerance. This is cause for concern because many people develop type 2 diabetes without taking steps to reverse it.

For people with prediabetes, diabetes is uncertain. By improving diet and exercise routines, prediabetes can be delayed or even reversed. Type 1 diabetes is characterized by the presence of antibodies in the blood, which indicates that the pancreas is being attacked by the skin’s immune system.


Diabetes affects blood vessels anywhere in the body. When the blood vessels in the retina touch, diabetes is called retinopathy, which affects the vision in both eyes. It is one of the most common causes of blindness.


Type 1 diabetes seems to have very different causes than other types of diabetes. There is no easy way to prevent this, as researchers believe that the immune system is a disease. The immune system is made up of complex networks, including adnexa, lymph nodes, spleen, and thymus.

White blood cells and antibodies fight foreign agents, such as bacteria or viruses.

In type 1 diabetes, there is an immune response. The immune system makes a mistake and launches an inappropriate attack on certain targets and destroys or disrupts healthy and normal cells in the body.

In type 1 diabetes, researchers believe that the body stimulates the production of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas, reducing or reducing its ability to produce insulin. Researchers are not sure why this happens, but people (especially Caucasians) are more likely to have type 1 diabetes than their family members.

Environmental factors also play a role because type 1 diabetes often occurs in cold climates and in people who live in colder climates. Viruses can also trigger it, even if it’s being investigated.

Diet can also be a factor; People who start breastfeeding (rather than bottle feeding babies) and then start eating solid foods are less likely to develop diabetes. Type 2 diabetes has a broader link than genetic background, but is highly dependent on environmental factors in people living in the Western Hemisphere.

So even though people with a family history of diabetes are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, lifestyle factors play a bigger role.

In the West, high-fat, low-carbohydrate-fiber combinations and low intensity exercise are more dangerous for Americans and Europeans than for people in non-Western countries; diabetes is very rare, and family members have it.

In the United States, African Americans, Mexican Americans, and Pima Indians are the most threatened. In addition to poor diet, there are other risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to type 2 diabetes, which affects the ability to take insulin, which is called pancreatitis.

Smoking is risky because it raises blood sugar levels and reduces the body’s ability to use insulin; In addition to the pancreas, the chemicals in tobacco damage blood vessels, muscles, and other organs. Being overweight, especially in the abdomen, can also be dangerous.

Uncontrolled accidents include those over the age of 30, low birth weight, ethnicity (Native American, African American, and Hispanic), and occasional chromium deficiency. The risk factors for diabetes are similar to those for diabetes.

Although women with type 2 diabetes are more likely to have diabetes based on their family history, smoking, being older, and being overweight, the underlying causes of gestational diabetes are not yet fully understood. Risk factors for diabetes retinopathy include uncontrolled diabetes and lifestyle factors such as smoking.



Prediabetes usually doesn’t have any symptoms until you have diabetes. Usually there are no symptoms of diabetes during pregnancy, but some women experience excessive thirst and urination.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually develop within a few weeks after vascular disease. People may have all or none of the following symptoms: increased thirst or frequent urination, or both may occur because excess glucose in the blood is excreted in the urine and causes body fluids to be excreted. Drought and thirst.

Hunger is also common, as there is not enough fuel for muscles and organs, so the hunger response is triggered. Although the stomach is full of food, glucose, which must be taken from carbohydrates, does not reach the tissues.

The body’s tissues, muscles, and organs are not getting the proper amount of fuel, and weight loss is normal. Blurred vision is also common, as glasses reduce fluid retention.

Fatigue is common because cells that contain glucose do not have enough energy. Type 2 diabetes shares some of the same symptoms as type 1 diabetes, but develops very slowly.

Again, people may have some or all of the symptoms. Increased thirst and frequent urination are common, because excess glucose absorbs water from the body, causing persistent thirst, and then removes excess fluid from the urine.

Sometimes type 2 diabetes can be confused with the flu, which can cause symptoms such as fatigue and weakness due to lack of energy.

Weight loss may be due to type 1 diabetes. Some people gain weight; Because fuel does not reach the tissues and organs, the body may crave more food than usual, which can lead to overeating and weight gain. The difference between this and type 1 diabetes is that the body does not use fuel efficiently, but has enough insulin to gain weight.

Blurred vision is also common because a small amount of fluid can reach the eye and affect the ability of the lens to focus. Vision lowers blood sugar levels.

Diabetic retinopathy may initially present symptoms, but if left untreated it can lead to irreversible loss of vision.


Complications occur when diabetes is not properly controlled and there is hyperglycemia for many years.

They can be eliminated by carefully monitoring blood sugar levels. Diabetes affects the body’s ability to heal quickly and fight infections, leading to common illnesses like colds and flu, which can cause bladder infections and the development of a healthy person. Wounds and other wounds heal slowly because the immune system is not working properly.

In extreme cases, wounds on the hands and feet are incurable and cannot be treated, and the affected area may need to be amputated to prevent the spread of infection throughout the body.

Skin infections and ulcers are also common. Inflammations, carcinomas, and fungal infections often affect diabetics, but can be treated with antibiotics and antifungal creams. Some people also suffer from blisters on the legs or forearms, sometimes on the back of the hands and feet.

The bubbles are not painful and will heal after controlling your blood sugar levels. One of the most common skin conditions that can occur in people with diabetes is acanthosis, which can become thick and dark in the folds and glands of the armpits, groin, and neck.

It is not an infection or a health risk, but it does affect a person’s appearance. Neuropathy is common because high blood glucose levels affect many small blood vessels in the arms and legs.

Neuropathy can cause tremors, numbness, and burning in the hands and feet. Autonomic neuropathy can cause digestive problems, vomiting, and diarrhea, and can reduce or increase sweating; It can also affect the eye’s ability to respond to light and dark, and may cause the patient to miss the warning signs of low blood sugar.

Nerve damage affects the male genitalia and affects the ability to maintain or maintain an erection. Careful blood sugar control and regular foot care can reduce the effects of these problems.

Dental and gum disorders can affect people with diabetes. High glucose levels increase the risk of disease, affect oral health, and can lead to gum disease, which can lead to tooth decay. There may be sores or pockets of infection on the gums and the teeth may be very loose.

Diabetic hypoxemia syndrome can occur when people with type 2 diabetes do not control their glucose levels. Blood sugar is very high and the body tries to eliminate excess sugar by urinating.

This can lead to dehydration, fluid insufficiency, untreated seizures, seizures, coma, and death. Circulatory problems are common in people with type 2 diabetes. Atherosclerosis can occur; This strengthens the oxygen and blood vessels that carry oxygen from the heart to the entire body.

Such force on the artery walls can prevent blood flow to organs and tissues. The effect on the coronary arteries can lead to coronary heart disease or stroke. Arterial problems can also lead to high blood pressure and PAD, which closes the arteries that supply the organs and legs.

Kidney disease is also a complication of untreated diabetes. If the kidneys fail, a replacement or dialysis may be necessary.


Insulin is the only treatment for type 1 diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes are less likely to develop diabetes because they are not overweight, do not exercise, do not smoke, or other risk factors for type 2 diabetes.

There is no vaccine or drug that can prevent the development of type 1 diabetes, and people who have it must take daily injections or have an insulin pump to stay alive after the test.

Diabetics need to bite their fingers to control their blood glucose levels and then inject the appropriate amount of insulin into their bloodstream. There are many types of insulin available and the doctor will prescribe the best one for each patient.

People with type 1 diabetes can also control their eating habits by paying close attention to their eating habits. Because glucose rises during meals, the amount of insulin required varies based on daily intake and energy intake.

Most people with type 1 diabetes can follow a completely normal diet until they have adjusted their diet and insulin appropriately. Insulin reactions should also be considered with other medications at the same time. Alcohol lowers blood sugar levels, so it must be carefully monitored. People with type 2 diabetes can control their lifestyle (at least for a time) by changing their lifestyle.

Maintaining a weight for your weight and body type, exercising regularly, quitting smoking, limiting alcohol intake, and eating a healthy diet rich in fat, sugar, and fiber will lower your blood glucose levels. Oral medications for type 2 diabetes may also be recommended. There are many.

Some medications stimulate the pancreas to release insulin. Other medications make the body more sensitive to the effects of insulin. These medications can be used in combination or individually. Lifestyle changes improve diabetes symptoms. Regular monitoring of blood sugar can help the patient make decisions about proper nutrition, exercise, and medication.

Type 2 diabetes is a growing disease and those with it need more aggressive treatment. If their disease is not controlled with lifestyle changes, medications, or both, they will need to take insulin injections as the disease progresses. People with type 1 or type 2 diabetes who have kidney or liver failure need a kidney transplant because the disease is out of control.

However, organ failure, organ failure, infection, and other problems make replacement organs a difficult option. For diabetic retinopathy, laser surgery removes damaged vessels and, if done quickly, can prevent vision loss. New treatments are being developed.

Researchers have recently implanted cells that normally produce insulin into the pancreas. Initial results were promising and more research is underway. Women with diabetes during pregnancy can control their blood sugar through diet and exercise during pregnancy, but some may need insulin injections to lower their blood sugar.

Women who control glucose levels during pregnancy have fewer problems during labor. Losing weight, quitting smoking, and eating a healthy diet can delay or prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.


Because diabetes can be caused by many factors – genetic predisposition, lifestyle choices, or pregnancy – there is no way to get rid of it. Obesity and inactivity around the world are likely to increase in the coming decades.

But there are steps that can be taken to prevent and control diabetes.

Eating a diet rich in sugar and fat and high in fiber, losing weight, exercising regularly, and quitting smoking can have a significant effect on reducing or preventing high glucose intolerance.

Have diabetes; Of these, an estimated 6.2 million (or a third) are unknown.



In the Western world, more than 1 percent of the population suffers from diabetes. One in seven of the world’s sugar and spoiled food in the United States is a direct cause of death. Diabetes mellitus occurs when the body cannot control glucose metabolism through the pancreas. If the pancreatic hormones fail to convert enough glycogen to glucose, other organs – primarily the thyroid, adrenal gland, and pituitary – are involved, eventually leading to their collapse. In some cases, the diseases or incompatibilities of these tumors can lead to diabetes. If you have a history of diabetes in your family, it is important to take precautionary measures from childhood to adulthood.

Adolescents with diabetes before the age of 25 are classified as diabetic and autoimmune factors are believed to be present. Forty years later, it is classified as diabetes. Common treatments for the problem include daily insulin injections, but low-risk diabetics can regularly measure their urinary frequency and use tablets to control their blood sugar. If you have glucose intolerance, be aware that this condition can lead to diabetes.

High blood glucose (in glucose-starved cells) can lead to weight loss, thirst, and increased daily urination. If left untreated, the person may begin to feel weak and may eventually pass out or fall into a coma. Depression, anxiety, and shock can lead to early diabetes.

– Three to six large baskets of garlic per day will be the minimum requirement. Garlic produces additional insulin and balances blood sugar.

– Eating well at the right time is important to control diabetes. One should never fast. Diabetes is about maintaining a proper carbohydrate metabolism. Food should be high in fiber and complex carbohydrates, and have adequate protein levels to balance carbohydrates.

– Do not drink tea, coffee, alcohol or fruit juices.

– All sugars must be removed. Instead, use rice syrup in minutes, barley malt, unrefined cane juice, and sweet grass (Stevia Rebudiaana). From time to time, you can use a small amount of raw, unsweetened honey. Also avoid fructose, dextrose, and molasses.

– Nutritious and “earthy” foods are priceless, but make sure you choose the right ones: Seaweed and whole grains like rice, sorghum, quinoa, barley, and barley are good. Remove all processed beans. Try sweet veggies like Jerusalem artichokes, squash, burdock roots, onions, and herbs. Remove the potatoes, yams, and carrots.

– Remove the bread, but eat rye bread if necessary.

– Six small, easily digestible foods a day may be better than three large ones. – Oats are rich in many vitamins and minerals and are generally very nutritious. They can slow down the change in sugar, so they help the pancreas. Organic oatmeal is the best; They can be eaten overnight in spring water mixed with cinnamon powder for breakfast.

Seaweed, especially hijiki, normalizes blood sugar levels. Cook it with whole grains and add it to salads and soups.

– Drink a cup of homemade barley water a day.

– At least one or two apples a day is the best fruit for diabetics. Wild fruits such as blackberries, blueberries, quince and pomegranates are also suitable, with their naturally spicy and bitter flavors. Do not drink fruits in a juicy form; the sugar content will be too high.

Other suitable fruits are pears, grapefruits, grapes (in small quantities), and bananas. Bananas are known to lower blood sugar levels, but they are only used overripe (almost black) and only take two or three a week. Diabetics are best avoided by dried figs, dates, raisins, and other dried fruits due to their high sugar content. If ingested, it should be soaked for at least twelve hours.

– Cut or slice meat, especially red meat. Rather use plant protein sources. Avoid milk and cheese. – Drinks with nettle leaves and hibiscus flowers are invaluable, provide almost immediate energy (they contain a lot of chromium, the mineral in blood sugar) and provide good nutrition between meals. He also drinks superfoods.

– Zinc levels must be maintained. Pumpkin seeds, alfalfa seeds and sprouted alfalfa are nice sources.

– All vegetables, raw and steamed, are useful, especially those that are sweet, that is, acidic and bitter, such as chicory, dandelion leaves, artichokes and olives.

~ Ideally, individual patients should seek more detailed advice from their own healthcare professionals to address their specific needs, whether they are overweight or underweight, or have other important specific characteristics.

Both fenugreek seed and burdock root contain a substance called inulin that is very close to insulin. Make strong tea (decoctions by simmering for twenty minutes) with three parts of fenugreek seeds and one side burdock root; drink 1 to 3 cups a day.

Meadow queen leaf tea or tincture will balance and cure digestive problems.

Individual herbal advice should be sought, but herbs such as dandelion root, fenugreek seed (one month on, one month off), Siberian ginseng root, garlic, cayenne pepper, juniper berry, wild yam root, burdock and barberry root. balance insulin levels.

Many other herbs can activate the pancreas in beneficial ways. The aged bark of cascara sagrada is one example and has long been recognized as very useful by mainstream medicine. All endocrine herbs will be invaluable and requires individual adaptation by a professional for the recipient.

~ Herbs and liver and colon cleanses are needed.

~ Take alternate hot and cold showers.

~ Use juniper essential oil in bath water or add it to a massage oil.

~ If the pancreas is inflamed, try warm castor oil packets.

~ Stress and shock (both past and present) are an emotional factor affecting diabetes and these situations should be avoided, even if major lifestyle changes are required. Work on enjoyable exercise, relaxation, and meditation.

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